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Sports Injury Surgeries & Treatment Options

ACL Reconstruction | Knee Arthroscopy | Total Knee Replacement | Hip Replacement
Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty | Osteotomy | Minimally Invasive Total Knee Replacement
Viscosupplementation Treatment for Arthritis

ACL Reconstruction

A torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) will not properly heal without an ACL reconstructive surgery. During this procedure, a doctor will replace the torn ligament with a tissue graft. This graft acts as a frame for the new ligament to grow on. The surgery is performed with an arthroscope using small incisions. Arthroscopic surgery is less invasive, resulting in less pain from surgery and quicker recovery times.

Knee Arthroscopy

Knee arthroscopy is a common surgical procedure in which the knee joint is viewed by a doctor using a small camera. This process allows doctors a clear view inside the kneecap. This helps them not only diagnose, but also treat, knee problems. Arthroscopy is performed through small incisions which allow doctors to feel, repair or remove the damaged tissue.

Total Knee Replacement

When the knee is severely damaged by arthritis or injury, it becomes hard to perform simple activities such as walking or climbing stairs. The knee replacement procedure replaces the damaged materials inside the knee with new metal and plastic joint surfaces, restoring the alignment and function of the knee. Various types of designs and materials are used in total knee replacement surgery.

Hip Replacement

The hip is one of the body's largest weight bearing joints. The main cause of chronic pain in the hip and disability is arthritis. Hip replacement surgery may be beneficial if hip pain limits your everyday activities, hip pain continues while resting, stiffness in a hip limits your ability to move your leg, anti-inflammatory drugs do not give pain relief, hip medications give you harmful or unpleasant side effects, or if other treatments such as physical therapy or the use of a gait aid do not relieve hip pain. Most people who undergo hip replacement surgery experience a dramatic reduction of hip pain and a significant improvement in everyday mobility. However, hip replacement surgery will not enable you to do more than you could before hip problems developed.

Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty

If osteoarthritis damage to the knee meets certain qualifications, a doctor may recommend either osteotomy or unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). UKA may be appropriate if you are 60 years or older, not obese, and relatively sedentary. During this procedure the surgeon removes diseased bone and puts an implant (prosthesis) in its place. The two small replacement parts are secured to the rest of the knee. UKA is performed to alleviate pain and delay the need for total knee replacement surgery.

Osteotomy

Osteotomy may be appropriate if you are younger than 60 years, active or overweight. During this procedure, the surgeon reshapes the shinbone (tibia) or thighbone (femur) to improve the knee's alignment. The healthy bone and cartilage is realigned to compensate for the damaged tissue. As a result, the knee is able to glide freely and evenly carry weight.

Minimally Invasive Total Knee Replacement

Minimally invasive total knee replacement is a recent advance in the performance of knee replacement surgery, and is viewed as more challenging than a standard total knee replacement procedure. The incisions are approximately half the size of those in a normal knee replacement approach, 2- to 4-inches, resulting in a quicker rehabilitation. Through the small incisions, the surgeon will replace the damaged tissues and bone with a prosthesis. The surgery is appropriate for non-obese patients who have reasonable motion without significant deformity.

Viscosupplementation Treatment for Arthritis

A relatively new procedure, called viscosupplementation, injects a preparation of hyaluronic acid into the knee joint. Hyaluronic acid acts as a lubricant to enable bones to move smoothly over each other and as a shock absorber for joint loads. Those with osteoarthritis have a lower-than-normal concentration of hyaluronic acid in their joints. Viscosupplementation can be helpful for people whose arthritis has not responded to basic treatments, and is most effective if the arthritis is still in its early stages (mild to moderate).